There’s a lot incorrect information and a lot of misinformation regarding bottles of water, its benefits and the value. Many people and organizations have joined the argument and the advantages and cons have been extensively discussed. There has been much disinformation that has been shared and debated.
Bottled water is a multibillion dollar business and is very well-known. As people live healthier lifestyles as well, also increases the demand for bottles of water.
It is best to start with a technical definition for “Purity”. The quantity of soluble impurities in a solution are often used to represent purity. TDS is measured in terms of Agua Purificada a Domicilio parts per million (ppm) or milligrams per Liter (mg/l). The EPA states that tap water should have less than 500 ppm of impurities (of all types) . Why is this not the 0ppm limit?
Types of Water
Two types of water are consumed in the United States today: municipal water (also known as tap water) or bottled water (including water from a spring, filtered and purified water). The article concludes that all TAP and most bottles of water are dangerous. Only water that is purified can be drank safely.
Tap WaterTap water is water that is provided by municipalities to large portions of the population. Most people are familiar with the tap water types.
In the Northern Virginia – Washington Region The majority of tap water comes from surface sources like the Potomac and the Occoquan Reservoir, which is fed by the Occoquan River, both of which are contaminated. Basic filtration techniques are used to clean the source water. These include flocculation (chemicals which coagulate and create smaller particles, allowing them to be removed) and sand filtering (filters large amounts of organic waste), and flocculation (chemicals employed to decrease the size of small particles). Additionally chlorine is added in order to kill microorganisms and bacteria.
In the majority of cases, tap water is believed to be potable (drinkable) in accordance with EPA standards. Chlorine is a common ingredient in tap water. Many people do not like the smell or taste of water that contains chlorine.
What are EPA Standards?
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is responsible for setting standards for quality in drinking water that is available to the public. The EPA is not able to guarantee the purity of water however, it does ensure that the water meets standards (meaning that harmful substances and pollutants are allowed). Numerous municipalities issue impressive reports every year, claiming that they have met EPA Standards. However the standards are subjective and are not backed by scientific testing. They provide a way for municipalities to make unsafe drinking water.
A good example of the fallacy of EPA Standards can be seen in the recent legislation introduced by Senator Hillary Clinton (D. NY) along with other senators that require the EPA to review standards in order to protect New Yorkers against TCE, a carcinogenic chemical that has been blamed for the contamination of Long Island water. Senator Clinton stated that in relation to the EPA: “It is unacceptable that the EPA is unable to safeguard the public from TCE in the face of stronger evidence from science that suggests it causes cancer, and growing exposure issues in New York and across the country…As a result of EPA delays, residents all over New York continue to be exposed to toxic levels of TCE.” This legislation demonstrates that EPA protection of our drinking water is, at best, doubtful.
Standards permit certain “minimums” of hazardous chemicals and pollutants in tap water. What’s the difference between little poison that is absorbed continuously and a lot of poisons that are absorbed rapidly? Both can be harmful for your health.
A variety of other questions are raised concerning taps too. What is the maximum amount of poison be absorbed by the human body and what methods did the EPA determine how much contamination is allowable and safe? What was the procedure for testing? What were the EPA’s test protocols? What is the procedure for people with weak immune systems?
These questions and many more are unanswered.
Are Municipal Taps Really Safe?
Even with all the glowing municipal reports the fact that tap water is detrimental to your health due to various reasons.
* Chlorine isn’t very beneficial for your body, as it’s been linked to various cancers, but it does kill some microorganisms, which can cause you to become sickly.
Recent research conducted from the Associated Press found that pharmaceuticals were in high quantities of municipal supplies throughout the nation. Certain municipalities don’t conduct tests for pharmaceuticals, or do not release the results of tests.
* There’s a problem with heavy metals found in municipal systems. Highly toxic metals such as lead (particularly hazardous to children) and copper can be found in many municipal systems because of the pipes that are used in homes and these heavy metals are absorbed into the water after it leaves the filtering plant. Washington. Washington. D.C. was cited for having too much lead in its municipal water supply.
The water supply of the city was responsible for a recent outbreak Salmonella poisoning in Colorado.
Cryptosporidium is one of the micro-organisms that has been found in and tested for in many municipal supplies and an outbreak of the illness caused by cryptosporidium in Wisconsin was linked to municipal supplies that had been contaminated.
Fluoridation is a possibility in many municipalities. However, the long-term effects of fluoride are still controversial. Fluoride is a substance that strengthens teeth and helps prevent tooth decay but the best use of fluoride is at the dental office, not in the public drinking water supply.
The TDS of Washington, DC tap water ranges from 200 ppm up to 400+ ppm. the amount varies based on many variables, including the temperature of the river as well as the flow of the water, the runoff, the season (fertilizing lawns, etc.) There are many other variables. The tap water supply changes constantly in terms of quality, a fact that the majority of people don’t know and the municipal providers do not disclose.