It’s time to address all questions asked in the introduction of this article. Corona virus was first discovered by Scottish woman scientist, June Almeidahalf one century ago. (information was provided by Sydney Combs, National Geographic) published on April 18 in 2020. Visit:- http://willtofly.com/
June Almeida was born Hart and lived with the family members in a small tenement building located in Glasgow, Scotland, where her father was a bus driver. She was a brilliant student who hoped to go to the university, however funds were very scarce. When she was 16, she quit school and began working as lab technician at the Royal Infirmary in London, which was where she utilized microscopes to analyze tissues samples.
After her move, she was offered a similar position in St. Batholomew’s Hospital in London. She got married to her partner, Venezuelan Enriques Almeida. They emigrated together to Canada. Mrs. Almeida was offered a position working on electron microscopes at the Ontario Cancer Institute in Toronto. She developed innovative techniques and published numerous papers that described the structure of viruses previously not seen.
A new way to see using the electron microscope:
She came up with simple, but innovative methods in the field of the field of virology. In the case of working with tiny particles, it can be difficult to determine what exactly to look for. A Electron microscope shoots out a beam of electrons, and records the particle’s interactions with the surface. Because electrons have shorter wavelengths than light, they provide scientists an image that is greater detail, but with less fineness. The trick is to determine whether a tiny blob represents an organism, a virus, or something else.
To address the issue, Almeida realized she could utilize antibodies from people who had been infected to pinpoint the source of the virus. Antibodies are drawn to their antigen counterparts, so when Almeida introduces tiny particles covered with antibodies, they would assemble around the virus, alerting her to the presence of the virus. This revolutionary method was employed to aid in electron microscopy by doctors who were studying the infection of viruses.
She was able to recognize several other infections, including rubella which causes problems during pregnancy, and causes three-day measles. Almeida was the first person to notice and document it. She recalled viruses while studying bronchitis in chickens, and also while researching liver inflammations caused by hepatitis in mice.
In the following days, while working with the Dr. David Tyrrell of Salisbury, Wiltshire, Ameida found and developed the clear pictures of the virus. She believed that the viruses were new groups of viruses. It was a halo-like structure and was called Corona..Today’s Corona virus was discovered by Almeida fifty years ago.
After retiring in Virology, Almeida remained active and interested. She was a yoga instructor and restored fine china. She also had an avid collector of antiques. A Professor Emeritus of Bacteriology from Aberdeen University o Aberdeen, Hugh Pennington said that Almeda was his mentor. “Without doubt, she is one of the most outstanding Scittish scientists.of the time.”
Today, sadly forgotten, ironically the Corona incident has shed light over her works in the twenty-first century. The work of Almeida is more important now than ever.